Wagenheim, J. 2011, March 12. UFC buys out Strikeforce in another step toward global domination. SI.com. Retrieved from http://sportsillustrated.cnn.com/2011/writers/jeff_wagenheim/03/12/strikeforce-purchased/ index.html.
8.2 Concentration Strategies 252
8.3 Vertical Integration Strategies
1. Understand what backward vertical integration is.
2. Understand what forward vertical integration is.
3. Be able to provide examples of backward and forward vertical integration.
When pursuing a vertical integration strategy, a firm gets involved in new portions of the value chain (Table 8.3 “Vertical Integration at American Apparel”). This approach can be very attractive when a firm’s suppliers or buyers have too much power over the firm and are becoming increasingly profitable at the firm’s expense. By entering the domain of a supplier or a buyer, executives can reduce or eliminate the leverage that the supplier or buyer has over the firm. Considering vertical integration alongside Porter’s five forces model highlights that such moves can create greater profit potential. Firms can pursue vertical integration on their own, such as when Apple opened stores bearing its brand, or through a merger or acquisition, such as when eBay purchased PayPal.