Need an research paper on the history and contributions of database management systems. Needs to be 6 pages. Please no plagiarism. It was also in the 1960s that another system – known as Integrated Data Store – appeared. At a next level, the further development of DBMS was achieved through the creation of a supportive scheme . – referring to the support provided to the IMS – that could be used as an alternative framework for data representation. this scheme is known as ‘hierarchical data model’ (Ramakrishnan et al., 2003, 6). It was IBM that supported the further development of DBMS by introducing in the 1970s a different scheme of data representation. the new scheme was called ‘relational data model’ (Ramakrishnan et al., 2003, 6) and was first developed by Ted Codd (Ward et al., 2006, 3). The role of IBM in the development can be characterized as being the most important from all other firms that operate in the specific sector. It was only after 30 years from the initial appearance of DBMS – around 1990s – that other the arms – apart from IBM – showed their interest in adopting the specific technology. The most known ones have been Oracle Corporate a creator of the Oracle DBMS series – and Microsoft – the firm’s most known DBMS has been the SQL Server. It should be further noted that governmental organizations in the USA also supported the development of DBMS – it was during the decade of the 1980s. their support has been quite important for the increase of these systems’ value – in fact, it was an issue of official recognition of the specific systems. An indicative example is the American National Standards Institute (ANSI), which adopted SQL – the basic language for the development of DBMS. In the international community, SQL has been accepted as meeting the standards set by the International Organization for Standardization (ISO) (Ramakrishnan et al., 2003, 6). this fact led to the further increase of the value of DBMS as systems for the storage, process, and representation of data.
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