APA Divisions Worksheet
|Divisions||Explanation of Division||Possible Careers|
|Abnormal Psychology||It is a division of psychology, which deals with abnormal behaviors and psychopathology among people in the society. Professionals in the field of abnormal psychology help in assessing, diagnosing, and treating various types of psychological disorders including depression and anxiety.||1. Research Psychologist 2. Clinical Social Worker 3. Forensic Psychologist|
|Clinical Psychology||Clinical psychology is a division of psychology, which focus on offering assessment and treatment services relating to psychiatric disorders, mental illness, and abnormal behaviors. Clinical psychologists can work in different setups including community centers, private practices, and university or colleges in collaboration with other professionals like psychiatrists, mental health professionals, and physicians.||1. Child Mental Health Specialist 2. Professor in Clinical Psychology 3. Private Clinical Psychologist|
|Counseling Psychology||It is the largest individual field of psychology focusing on attending to the clients experiencing challenges like mental health and other psychological symptoms. Counseling psychology is a field that has been valued in the society as it improves interpersonal functioning in life.||1. Family and Marriage Counselors 2. Mental Health Counselors 3. Substance Abuse Counselors|
|Developmental Psychology||It is a division of psychology, which concentrates on the process that people go through while changing and growing throughout their lifespan. At some point, it deals with the scientific study of human development, which offers an understanding of reasons that people change through their lives.||1. Adolescent Development Specialists 2. Group Home Manager 3. Behavioral Therapist|
|Educational Psychology||It is a division of psychology, which deals with teaching psychology, students’ concerns, schools and educational issues. Educational psychologists are working with parents, students, administrators, and teachers with the aim of improving student outcomes.||1. School Psychologist 2. School Counselor 3. College Professor|
What makes psychology a science?
The scientific status of any activity in the society is determined through assessment of the method used in the process of investigation. Some people might consider that activity is considered scientific through determining the person conducting the investigation, time research was done, and the studies conducted but it is not true. Psychology is considered to be scientific as the psychologists observe the empirical method in the process of conducting an investigation. All the research studies related to science are conducted through the empirical method, which emphasizes the precise and objective measurement (Davis et al., 2017). Psychology and social or behavioral sciences like politics, economics, anthropology, and sociology are not precise considering their measurements as compared with those of physics, chemistry, and biology. However, psychology is referred to as scientific due to the empirical evidence used by the psychologists in the process of conducting an investigation.
The definition of psychology was changed from the study of the mind to the science of behavior. The change was necessitated by the emphasis on the empirically observable procedures, which were not possible, as the mind would not be observed directly. External characteristics like talking, movement and other activities can be directly observed and carefully measured through the psychological test (Davis et al., 2017). Internal thoughts and emotions of an individual cannot be directly observed forcing the scientists to adopt empirical method while studying behaviors.
Davis, A. M., Ward, W. L., Armstrong, B., Devine, K. A., & Schurman, J. V. (2017). The rise of special interest groups and their role in Division 54, the Society of Pediatric Psychology. Clinical Practice in Pediatric Psychology, 5(1), 6.